Musée du Louvre is the world’s largest art museum housing around 70,000 pieces of artworks, but not all displayed, across more than 650,000 ft² space.
The Louvre originally started as a fortress in the late 12th century when Philip II, the first known King of France, began the construction of a defensive outpost to prevent invasions from the North. The building’s first original design was modified by Charles V in the 14th century, only to be derailed by Hundred Years War. In 1527, Francis I ordered the original structure to be demolished in favor of a new lavish Renaissance-style compound. During the French Revolution, the Louvre was decreed to be a museum to display the nation’s masterpieces and on August 10, 1793, the Musée du Louvre officially opened its doors to the public.